Fractionation, partial characterization and bioactivity of water-soluble polysaccharides and polysaccharide–protein complexes from Pleurotus geesteranus.
Zhang, M., Zhu, L., Cui, S.W., Wang, Q., Zhou, T., and Shen, H.S. (2011). "Fractionation, partial characterization and bioactivity of water-soluble polysaccharides and polysaccharide–protein complexes from Pleurotus geesteranus.", International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 48(1), pp. 5-12. doi : 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2010.09.003
Fractionation and purification of mushroom polysaccharides is a critical process for mushroom clinical application. After a hot-water treatment, the crud Pleurotus geesteranus (PG) was further fractionated into four fractions (PG-1, -2, -3, -4) using gradient precipitation with water and ammonia sulphate. By controlling the initial polymer concentration and ratio of solvents, this process produced PG fractions with high chemical uniformity and narrow Mw distribution without free proteins. Structurally, PG-1 and PG-2 are pure homopolysaccharide mainly composed of glucose; and PG-3 and PG-4 are heteropolysaccharide-protein complexes. PG-2, a high Mw fraction mainly composed of glucose presented significant cytotoxicity at the concentration of 200 and 100 μg/ml to human breast cancer cells. Here, we report a new mushroom polysaccharides extraction and fractionation method, with which we produced four fractions of PG with PG-2 appearing effective anti-tumour activity.