Depressed Biofilm Production in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens C06 Causes γ-Polyglutamic Acid (γ-PGA) Overproduction.
Liu, J., Ma, X., Wang, Y., Liu, F., Qiao, J., Li, X.-Z., Gao, X., and Zhou, T. (2011). "Depressed Biofilm Production in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens C06 Causes γ-Polyglutamic Acid (γ-PGA) Overproduction.", Current Microbiology, 62(1), pp. 235-241. doi : 10.1007/s00284-010-9696-0
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens C06, a potential agent in biological preservation of post-harvest fruit, was found to secrete extra-cellular γ-polyglutamic acid (γ-PGA) in liquid culture. In this work, M306, a transposon mutant of B. amyloliquefaciens C06, defective in forming structured colony and displaying enhanced ability of producing γ-PGA, was obtained. Inverse PCR and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis demonstrated that the defective phenotype in M306 was associated with an ORF showing high similarity to RBAM_034550 from B. amyloliquefaciens FZB42. In this paper, the ORF was designated pbrA, standing for γ-PGA production and biofilm formation regulatory factor. qRT-PCR analysis also indicated that pbrA down-regulated mRNA expression of epsD and yqxM, the crucial genes involved in biofilm formation, but affected little on expression of ywtB, the gene directing γ-PGA synthesis. Evaluations in γ-PGA productivity of wild-type C06 and its mutants C06ΔepsA and C06ΔtasA, respectively, deficient in producing exopolysaccharides (EPS) and TasA, revealed that γ-PGA overproduction in M306 was probably due to the redistributed metabolic flux caused by defective production of EPS.