Gosselin, A., Zhang, M., Ding, L., Wang, Q., Feng, M., Xing, G., and Khanizadeh, S. (2009). "‘Hanhong’ Pear.", Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 814, pp. 349-350.
‘Hanhong’ (Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim × P. bretschneideri Rehd.) is a new, high-quality Asian pear with excellent firmness, crispness, and long shelf life. Fruit of ‘Hanhong’ are very attractive and the tree is very winter hardy. The fruit and leaves are resistant to pear scab (Venturia pirina Aderh) and black spot (Alternaria kikuchiana Tannka) disease. 'Hanhong', tested as 86-1-32, is a progeny resulting from a cross between ‘Nanguoli ’ (Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim.) × ‘Jinsu’ (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd.) made in 1986 at the Pomology Institute Academy of Agriculture Science of Jilin Province, and was released in 2003 by the author (MZ). ‘Hanhong’ tested in Jilin province with minimum winter temperatures between -30°C to -35°C, which somethimes drops to as low as -45°C in extreme years with little snow cover. Limited quantities of non-indexed budwood are available for research purposes from the author (MZ) after signing a non-propagation agreement. Nurseries can obtain a multiplication license from Meiosis Inc. (Bradbourne House, Stable Block, East Malling, Kent ME19 6DZ).