Recognize these Canadian-made potatoes?
Canadians might only recognize a few varieties of potatoes sold in grocery stores today. However, in Canada we have a wide diversity in potato crops.
- AAFC's Potato Genebank in Fredericton maintains a collection of 120 varieties, including heritage varieties.
- Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) scientists have had a hand in developing 63 potato varieties.
- The International Potato Center in Peru holds 7,500 different varieties of potato.
Like many crops, it's not a case of one-potato-fits all! Potato varieties are developed and grown for specific end uses and many have regional popularity and use.
- Over 55% of potatoes grown in Canada are processed, mostly into French fries but also for chips and dehydration.
- 45% of potatoes consumed in Canada are from the fresh market.
- Canadians consumed about 65.6 kg per capita in 2005 - about the same amount as the combined total of all other fresh vegetables consumed.
Potatoes developed for fries:
Potatoes developed for chips:
Potatoes developed for fresh market:
For more information on registered potato varieties:
Canadian Food Inspection Agency - Plants
AAFC Research Activities
AAFC No. 10864E